An unlikely battle is breaking out over President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr.’s alternative for agriculture secretary, pitting a robust Black lawmaker who desires to refocus the Agriculture Division on starvation towards traditionalists who consider the division must be a voice for rural America.

Consultant James E. Clyburn of South Carolina, the highest-ranking Black member of Congress and maybe Mr. Biden’s most vital supporter within the Democratic main, is making an all-out case for Consultant Marcia L. Fudge of Ohio, an African-American Democrat from Ohio.

Mr. Clyburn, whose endorsement of Mr. Biden earlier than the South Carolina main helped flip the tide for the previous vice chairman’s nomination, has spoken to him on the cellphone about Ms. Fudge as just lately as this week. The lawmaker has additionally lobbied for her with two of the president-elect’s closest advisers and mentioned the matter with Speaker Nancy Pelosi.

“I really feel very strongly,” Mr. Clyburn mentioned in an interview on Wednesday about Ms. Fudge, who leads the diet and oversight subcommittee on the Home Agriculture Committee.

“It’s time for Democrats to deal with the Division of Agriculture because the sort of division it purports to be,” he added, noting that a lot of the funds “offers with shopper points and diet and issues that have an effect on folks’s day-to-day lives.”

However there are issues. Two of Mr. Biden’s farm-state allies are additionally being mentioned for the job: Heidi Heitkamp, a former senator from North Dakota, and Tom Vilsack, the previous Iowa governor who served as agriculture secretary for President Barack Obama.

The fragile proxy conflict over the put up, which is normally not as coveted as extra high-profile cupboard positions, has pitted Democrats keen to emphasise points like starvation and diet towards extra conventional members of the celebration who consider the division ought to symbolize rural America. The sprawling company oversees farm coverage, the Forest Service, meals security and animal well being, but in addition the meals stamp program, diet companies, rural housing and rural growth.

Extra broadly, the controversy illustrates the problem Mr. Biden faces as he builds his administration. Each appointment he makes interlocks with others, and if he doesn’t choose a various candidate for one place it turns into extra probably he’ll for different posts.

The Agriculture job particularly is pinching Mr. Biden between two of his central marketing campaign themes, which he repeated in plain phrases this month in his victory speech: that he owes a particular debt to African-American voters, and that he desires to be a president for all People, together with those that didn’t vote for him.

And nowhere did Mr. Biden fare worse than in rural America, notably probably the most closely white elements of the farm belt.

“This can be a alternative that solely Joe Biden could make, and he’ll make it understanding the distinctive challenges of rural America and what must occur in rural America transferring ahead,” mentioned Ms. Heitkamp, a reasonable who was defeated in 2018 after serving as legal professional common after which senator in one of the vital sparsely populated states within the nation.

Recalling her marketing campaign efforts on behalf of Mr. Biden’s “nice rural plan,” Ms. Heitkamp predicted the president-elect would “decide the one who can implement that rural plan.”

Mr. Clyburn, although, mentioned the Agriculture Division had for too lengthy appeared “to favor massive farming pursuits” over much less rich folks, whether or not they be “little farmers in Clarendon County, S.C., or meals stamp recipients in Cleveland, Ohio,” Ms. Fudge’s hometown.

Mr. Clyburn didn’t point out Ms. Heitkamp, however he bridled on the prospect of Mr. Vilsack reclaiming the division he had led for all eight years of the Obama administration.

“I don’t know why we’ve received to be recycling,” Mr. Clyburn mentioned, echoing complaints that Mr. Biden solely represents Mr. Obama’s third time period. “There’s a robust feeling that Black farmers didn’t get a good shake” beneath Mr. Vilsack, Mr. Clyburn mentioned.

Mr. Vilsack didn’t reply in type. He mentioned he had “all of the respect on the planet for Consultant Clyburn” and that he had realized from him.

The previous Iowa governor, who together with his spouse was an early supporter of Mr. Biden in his first marketing campaign for president and once more this yr, mentioned he was not angling for the agriculture job however was cautious to not disclaim curiosity within the place.

“If there’s one thing I can do to assist the nation, effective,” Mr. Vilsack mentioned. “However the president-elect makes that call.”

When he does, he shall be absolutely conscious of the place considered one of his most outstanding supporters stands.

Along with his conversations with Mr. Biden, Mr. Clyburn has reached out to Steve Ricchetti, who will function a counselor within the White Home, and Ted Kaufman, Mr. Biden’s longest-serving adviser and former chief of employees.

Home Democratic leaders are delicate to creating vacancies within the chamber, even in secure districts like Ms. Fudge’s, given their slender majority. Gov. Mike DeWine of Ohio, a Republican, won’t schedule a fast particular election to exchange her. However Mr. Clyburn mentioned he was hopeful from his dialog with Ms. Pelosi that she “would greenlight” Ms. Fudge.

Drew Hammill, a spokesman for Ms. Pelosi, declined to touch upon the dialogue. However he signaled that the speaker, who appointed Ms. Fudge because the chairwoman of a subcommittee two years in the past to defuse a potential rivalry for the speakership, wouldn’t object to her departure.

“The speaker desires the complete contribution of Home Democrats to the Biden-Harris mandate and to the longer term represented within the administration,” Mr. Hammill mentioned.

Like different positions, the Agriculture Division choice might be settled by discovering an alternate put up elsewhere within the administration for whoever is handed over.

A spokesman for Mr. Biden’s transition declined to touch upon the appointment however mentioned the president-elect was “prioritizing range of ideology and background as he builds a staff of consultants that appears like America to serve in his administration.”

Ms. Fudge, although, has different vital advocates, together with Senator Sherrod Brown, Democrat of Ohio, who mentioned he had made the case for her “with 4 or 5 high Biden transition folks.” Her colleagues on the Home Agriculture Committee have additionally been supportive.

“It’s time for a starvation advocate to guide the Division of Agriculture, and no one may lead the company higher than Marcia Fudge,” mentioned Consultant Filemon Vela, Democrat of Texas.

Most important, although, are three Black Home Democrats who’re shut to at least one one other and Ms. Fudge. The group consists of Mr. Clyburn, Consultant Bennie Thompson of Mississippi and Consultant Cedric Richmond of Louisiana, who’s leaving Congress to change into a senior adviser within the White Home.

As for Mr. Biden, Mr. Clyburn mentioned, “he likes Fudge a complete lot.”

Recounting his dialog with the president-elect, the congressman mentioned he wished to let him make the choice. “I simply instructed him I believed she’d be an excellent candidate and assist refocus what the division is all about.”

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