WASHINGTON — They slept on the marble flooring, lined up for espresso within the 24-hour snack bar and marveled on the marble likenesses of the nation’s founders within the Rotunda and Statuary Corridor. They snapped images with their telephones, ate pizza and generally performed playing cards, their M4 carbines at their sides.

Throngs of armed, camouflage fatigue-clad members of the Nationwide Guard ringed across the Capitol and lined its halls on Wednesday, weapons, helmets and backpacks stacked seemingly in each nook of the advanced. The closely militarized presence supplied a jarring and sobering backdrop to the Home chamber as a majority of lawmakers moved to impeach a sitting American president for inciting an rebellion on the nation’s Capitol.

It evoked reminders of the rioters who only one week earlier had stormed the complex as its terrified occupants took shelter contained in the barricaded Home chamber and safe areas throughout the Capitol — and the recriminations that remained forward of President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr.’s inauguration.

“It doesn’t belong right here,” Consultant Elaine Luria, Democrat of Virginia and a veteran who served 20 years within the Navy, mentioned of the navy presence within the constructing. “It’s one thing that’s misplaced.”

“I hate the concept that we’re going to vary in a manner, be more durable tougher or extra cumbersome for folks to return benefit from the historic monument that that is due to what occurred final week,” she added.

Very like the lawmakers, aides and reporters who have been nonetheless exchanging accounts of the place they have been throughout the siege of pro-Trump supporters, Capitol Hill on Wednesday seemed to be torn between nursing the open wounds left by lethal riots and the necessity to lay the groundwork for therapeutic beneath a brand new administration.

Capitol employees feverishly labored in current days to finish preparations for Jan. 20 inauguration — hanging blue curtains over the doorway to the Rotunda and brushing mud off the statues — amongst reminders of the violence. Window panes remained splintered and cracked in elements of the Capitol and two holes have been left over the entry to the workplace of Speaker Nancy Pelosi of California after rioters stole the speaker’s embossed wooden plaque.

Freshmen lawmakers delivered their maiden ground speeches on the deserves of charging President Trump with high crimes and misdemeanors for inciting an insurrection. After a majority of the Home voted to question Mr. Trump, Ms. Pelosi spoke from the identical lectern {that a} pro-Trump supporter had been photographed gleefully hauling throughout the Capitol.

“I don’t have sufficient adjectives to explain how disgusted I’m with what occurred and the purpose that we’re at — it’s unhappy, it’s disgusting, it’s unhappy,” mentioned Consultant Brian Mast, Republican of Florida. An Military veteran who misplaced his legs whereas serving in Afghanistan, he gave excursions of the Rotunda to members of the guard as a manner of exhibiting gratitude for his or her service. (Mr. Mast additionally voted to overturn the ends in each Arizona and Pennsylvania, and expressed no remorse about these votes. He was not among the many 10 Republicans who voted to question Mr. Trump.)

Some lawmakers lamented the menace that made the navy’s presence crucial, with many Democrats irate in regards to the function they mentioned their very own Republican colleagues had performed in whipping up the trend of the mob that assaulted the Capitol, placing lawmakers’ lives at risk.

“It mustn’t and won’t be tolerated,” Consultant Hakeem Jeffries, Democrat of New York, advised reporters. “And that’s why extraordinary safety measures have been taken.”

In response partially to considerations about Republicans bringing weapons to the Home ground, new magnetometers have been put in exterior the doorways to the chamber, a brand new safety measure that was difficult for a number of lawmakers. Usually allowed to bypass the magnetometers on the entrances to the constructing, a number of Republicans grumbled in regards to the added layer of safety and a few made some extent of pushing previous cops regardless of setting off the alarm.

“You’re taking precious sources utterly away from the place it must be with none session, and also you guys did it with none session from the minority,” Consultant Rodney Davis of Illinois, the highest Republican on the Home Administration Committee, seethed to Consultant Steny H. Hoyer of Maryland, the bulk chief, on Tuesday. With a number of folks testing positive for the coronavirus after sheltering in a room with maskless Republicans, Democrats additionally enforced a advantageous system for refusing to put on a masks on the chamber ground.

The magnetometers and heightened safety have been a small consolation throughout the vote to question Mr. Trump on condition that a number of lawmakers nonetheless shaken and questioning the power to attend inauguration safely.

“What we’re coping with now could be combating an rebellion, so I really feel like the whole lot the wrong way up,” mentioned Consultant Colin Allred, Democrat of Texas, who recalled whipping off his jacket on the Home ground and getting ready to defend his colleagues in opposition to the rioters. “To see Nationwide Guardsmen sleeping within the halls, to have the required safety of getting steel detectors put as much as go onto the Home ground — I do know the phrase ‘unprecedented’ is used rather a lot, however that is unprecedented. And it’s additionally so unhappy, simply so unhappy.”

“It’s meant to be open,” Mr. Allred added of the Capitol. “It’s a museum, it’s a spot the place odd People ought to really feel like they will come and watch the federal government work.”

However whereas it homes each artifacts of American historical past and the holders of the best places of work of American democracy, the Capitol advanced is in odd instances an accessible fortress. However with vacationers banned as a option to cease the unfold of the coronavirus, the presence of lots of of armed troopers was much more disconcerting after months of near-empty hallways.

A number of of the troopers craning their necks to take a look at the work and sculptures etched into the ceiling of the Rotunda mentioned that they had by no means been to the Capitol, whilst vacationers. Their colleagues in one other room might be seen dozing subsequent to a plaque commemorating troops who have been quartered within the Capitol in 1861, in Statuary Corridor, and a small group of troopers posed for a photograph with the statue of Rosa Parks.

John Ismay and Luke Broadwater contributed reporting.

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