The U.S. authorities, confronted with an unrelenting surge in coronavirus circumstances, issued suggestions this week concerning which individuals within the nation needs to be vaccinated first. Listed below are solutions to some frequent questions.

Who’s now eligible to be vaccinated, in line with federal steerage?

On Tuesday, Alex M. Azar II, the well being secretary, urged all states to open up eligibility to everybody 65 and older and to adults of any age with medical situations that put them at excessive threat of turning into significantly sick or dying from Covid-19.

In all, that’s greater than 150 million folks — virtually half the inhabitants. They now be a part of thousands and thousands of well being care employees and residents of long-term care amenities who beforehand certified.

Mr. Azar didn’t specify which situations would make somebody eligible for vaccination now; presumably will probably be as much as governors to determine, as will the query of what documentation to require. However the federal Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention has printed a list of particularly high-risk conditions, together with most cancers, diabetes and weight problems.

How does eligibility fluctuate by state, and why?

Though the C.D.C. issued recommendations final month for which teams states ought to vaccinate initially whereas the vaccine provide continues to be comparatively low, the priorities are usually not binding and every state has provide you with its own groupings.

The federal authorities can not require states to alter the prioritization plans they’ve already introduced, though the brand new strain from Mr. Azar, together with rising public impatience as deaths from the virus proceed to hit new peaks, could sway many to take action.

In developing with precedence teams, state officers thought of standards like who’s most certainly to die in the event that they contract Covid-19 — together with folks of coloration, older folks and folks with underlying medical situations — and which professions are important to serving to the financial system absolutely reopen. Every state’s demographics additionally performed a job.

I qualify now. How do I enroll?

This relies on what state and even what county you reside in.

Some native public well being departments have arrange portals wherein folks could make appointments. Others are holding mass vaccination occasions and inoculating folks on a first-come, first-served foundation.

Usually, physician’s workplaces and pharmacies have requested that sufferers and prospects not name them looking for vaccine appointments simply but, and as an alternative wait to be contacted.

Most pharmacies are usually not but providing the vaccine, however CVS, Walgreens and numerous different chain pharmacies, together with some in grocery and big-box shops, will quickly begin doing so by way of a partnership with the federal authorities.

With the federal authorities saying that older folks and people with underlying medical situations needs to be vaccinated subsequent, what occurs to important employees whose jobs require them to come back head to head with different folks? Are they eligible now, too?

In some states, sure.

Well being care employees in each state had been the primary to be supplied the vaccine. And earlier than Mr. Azar’s directive this week, a number of states had already opened vaccination to sure classes of “frontline” important employees, comparable to law enforcement officials, firefighters, academics, child-care employees and public transit staff.

However different states that had deliberate to begin providing the vaccine to some important employees within the coming weeks could reprioritize now primarily based on Mr. Azar’s new steerage.

There may be nothing stopping states from opening vaccination to a brand new precedence group earlier than they’ve reached everybody in an earlier group, however provide is a crucial consideration.

What number of vaccine doses does the US have entry to?

Pfizer and Moderna, the 2 firms whose vaccines have been permitted for emergency use in the US, collectively have pledged to provide 400 million doses over the subsequent seven months.

Each vaccines require two doses, in order that can be sufficient for 200 million folks, out of roughly 260 million who’re at the moment eligible to be vaccinated. Kids youthful than 16 are usually not but eligible for Pfizer’s vaccine, and people youthful than 18 can not but take Moderna’s.

Johnson & Johnson, whose single-dose vaccine candidate is in late-stage medical trials, has a contract with the U.S. authorities to offer 12 million doses by the tip of February and a complete of 100 million doses by the tip of June. However the firm has fallen behind on its manufacturing schedule.

How many individuals have been vaccinated to date?

The publicly out there information lags by not less than just a few days, so it’s exhausting to know for certain. However the C.D.C. reported on Wednesday that about 10.3 million folks had acquired an preliminary dose, out of 29.4 million doses distributed across the nation to date.

That features almost 1.1 million doses which have been given to residents and employees members in nursing properties and different long-term care amenities.

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